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China revises law on water pollution prevention and control


China's top legislature on June27 passed a revised Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law to go into effect on Jan. 1, 2018. The law was adopted after a second reading at the bi-monthly session of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. Submitted to the committee for a first reading in December 2012, the new version strengthens government responsibility and supervision.


The law stipulates that emergency and back-up water resources should be set up in cities with single water sources and governments above the county-level should make public the information of drinking water quality at least once a quarter.

Drinking water suppliers who fail to meet standards will be fined up to 200,000 yuan (about 32,000 U.S. dollars) and operations may be suspended until rectification.

Those who build sewage outlets in protected drinking water source areas will face a maximum fine of one million yuan.

The law instructs government to build sewage treatment and garbage disposal facilities in rural areas, and that standards be set on fertilizer and pesticide use.

The law brings the "river chief" system into being, with leading officials assuming responsibility for addressing water pollution, including resource protection, waterline management, pollution prevention and control, and ecological restoration.


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